In the Pre-Modern era, many people's sense of self and purpose was often expressed via a faith in some form of deity, be that in a single God or in many gods. Pre-modern cultures have not been thought of creating a sense of distinct individuality, though. Religious officials, who often held positions of power, were the spiritual intermediaries to the common person. It was only through these intermediaries that the general masses had access to the divine. Tradition was sacred to ancient cultures and was unchanging and the social order of ceremony and morals in a culture could be strictly enforced.

Items in the Pre-modern Collection

Internet Medieval History Sourcebook Selected Sources: France
The Internet History Sourcebooks Project is a collection of public domain and copy-permitted historical texts presented in easy to browse chronological lists. In addition to the ‘Selected Sources France’ page users are encouraged to explore the…

Digital Research Archive for Byzantium (DiFaB)
The Digital Research Archive for Byzantium (DiFaB) is a visual resource database devoted to the cultural legacy of Byzantium. Its aim is to digitize archives of historical photographs, associate this material with new photographic images and make…

EuroDocs : History of France: Primary Documents
Chronological listing of selected French primary historical documents that have been transcribed, reproduced in facsimile, or translated.


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